As a result of the War with Spain these islands came under the control of the United States. Incidents soon occurred which led to insurrection by Aguinaldo and his followers against the United States. The capture of Aguinaldo by General Frederick Funston in March, 1901 virtually ended the revolt the next year.
Following the discontinuance of the Spanish colonial government in 1898, a military government was established by the United States, which continued over all of the islands until July 4, 1901, at which time Judge Taft became the first and only civil governor of the Philippines. Since the administration of Judge Taft the title of this office became Governor General. The government was made directly dependent on the Secretary of War, who organized the Bureau of Insular Affairs as his immediate agent The Jones Bill, which was passed by the Congress of the United States on August 29, 1914 established administrative machinery which is still the foundation for the Philippine government.