Under  American control, the optimism of the new century  would be reflected in the town planning concepts of Daniel Burnham, who attempted to recreate it in a 'Paris on the Prairie' style of long boulevards, neoclassical buildings  and ornamental parks.  Its governmental centre was partly built around a  mighty quadrangle, not far from the Port of Manila and facing towards the Bay.  The post-war independent government junked the concept for completing the landscape, for it  had its own grand ideas for Quezon City.  Thus, once destroyed, Manila was never rebuilt to its former glory. (Image courtesy of the the John Tewell Collection.)